Applications checklist for my Debian Squeeze installs

These are some Linux applications I like to include with a desktop installation of Debian Squeeze.

Terminal: rxvt-unicode, tmux

$ sudo apt-get install rxvt-unicode xfonts-terminus tmux

Tmux "is a terminal multiplexer: it enables a number of terminals (or windows), each running a separate program, to be created, accessed, and controlled from a single screen ... [then] detached from a screen and continue running in the background, then later reattached."

Editor: vim, gedit

$ sudo apt-get install vim gedit

Desktop menu: dmenu

$ sudo apt-get install suckless-tools

Remote login: ssh

SSH client

Install an SSH client and configure SSH public key authentication:

$ sudo apt-get install openssh-client ssh-askpass keychain rsync

Generate an RSA user-key pair:

$ mkdir ~/.ssh
$ cd ~/.ssh
$ ssh-keygen -v -t rsa -b 2048 -C username@hostname

Transfer the newly-generated public-key to any remote machine running SSH server. Keychain is a front-end to ssh-add that exists through an entire uptime across all sessions. To source ssh-keychain at startup edit ~/.bashrc:

keychain ~/.ssh/id_rsa
. ~/.keychain/$HOSTNAME-sh

SSH server

Install the SSH server package:

$ sudo apt-get install openssh-server

Restrict SSH login access to certain users by editing /etc/ssh/sshd_config:

PermitRootLogin no

# permit only specified users ssh access
AllowUsers yourUsername

Restart your SSH server after modifying and saving the configuration ... /etc/init.d/ssh restart.

Copy that newly-generated RSA public-key from your client machine into your user account on the server:

$ mkdir ~/.ssh
$ touch ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
$ cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

Network Manager: network-manager-gnome

$ sudo apt-get install network-manager network-manager-gnome

Web Browser: iceweasel

The default Firefox/Iceweasel (3.5) included in Squeeze is rather dated. More recent versions of the browser have been backported by the Debian Mozilla Team .

First configure the package manager to track the backported Iceweasel release packages .. then grab the latest version:

$ sudo apt-get -t squeeze-backports install iceweasel

Flash plug-in

$ sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree


I use Google Video Chat (below) and experienced a slew of problems with openjdk that were finally resolved when I switched to the sun-java packages.

$ sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin

VOIP: google-talk

To add video chat to Gmail... install dependencies:

$ sudo apt-get install libglew1.5

Download the Debian package for the google-talk plugin from <> and install:

$ sudo dpkg -i google-talkplugin_current_VERSION.deb

Bittorrent: rtorrent

$ sudo apt-get install rtorrent

Images: gimp, eog, geeqie, imagemagick, scrot

$ sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data-extras gimp-help-en eog geeqie imagemagick scrot

Scanner: xsane, simple-scan

$ sudo apt-get install xsane simple-scan

Document reader: xchm, evince

$ sudo apt-get install xchm evince

Office Suite: libreoffice

With backports enabled ...

$ sudo apt-get -t squeeze-backports install libreoffice libreoffice-gtk libreoffice-help-en-us

Multimedia Codecs and Plugins: assorted

$ sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-plugins-{base,good,bad,ugly} gstreamer0.10-alsa gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-tools
$ sudo apt-get install lame vorbis-tools flac id3 id3v2 normalize-audio w32codecs
$ sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2 libdvdnav4 libdvdread4

Audio Player: rhythmbox

$ sudo apt-get install rhythmbox

Video Player: vlc

$ sudo apt-get install vlc

File-Handling and Compression Tools: assorted

$ sudo apt-get install antiword cabextract fastjar file-roller html2text lzip lxsplit par2 p7zip-full unrar unrtf unzip
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