Run remote X applications on a local display with X11 forwarding over SSH.
I give my Jessiebook’s smallish amount of RAM a bit of a break by enlisting other machines on my home network to run X apps. Once SSH is properly configured it is easy to use X11 forwarding to have apps running on the server show up on the client’s local display.
On the server
Activate X11 forwarding on the OpenSSH server by modifying
… and restart the server …
sudo systemctl restart sshd.service
On the client
X11 forwarding options can be configured system-wide in
/etc/ssh/ssh_config or per-user in
~/.ssh/config or simply forward X on a connection-by-connection basis at login with the
-X option …
ssh -X remote.host
Some apps might require the
ForwardX11Trusted option to allow the full set of X functions from a trusted remote server …
ssh -Y remote.host
NOTE: An intruder on the SSH server will be able to capture everything on the local screen and every keystroke with
If SSH has properly configured X11 forwarding it sets
echo $DISPLAY localhost:10.0
Launch an X app on the server and it opens on the local display …
Logging into a remote host just to run a single app can be overkill. Run one-off commands with the
-f option which backgrounds the SSH client before running the app …
ssh -fX remote.host urxvt
One interesting use I discovered for X11 forwarding is running the
rhythmbox music player. A limitation of X11 forwarding is that sound is not transmitted to the client’s audio hardware. Turns out that is a feature on my home network setup because my speakers are connected to the server. I launch
rhythmbox on the server, display and control the player on the client, and the good and funky sounds issue forth from the server!
I create the
Jukebox alias in
~/.bash_aliases to X11 forward the player as a one-off command …
alias Jukebox='ssh -fX remote.host rhythmbox'